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Definisi Conditional Sentences

Jumat, 04 November 2011

Conditional Sentences merupakan kalimat yang digunakan untuk menyatakan pengandaian suatu peristiwa yang belum terjadi atau bahkan tidak mungkin terjadi. Kalimat pengandaian ini memiliki beberapa bentuk yang mewakili beragam bentuk waktu, dengan kata lain, bentuk kalimat pengandaian ini akan tergantung pada bentuk waktu peristiwa yang diandaikan. Berikut ini merupakan beberapa pola Conditional Sentences.

RUMUS|

Conditional 1

1. IF + S + Present Tense, S + Future Tense

Contoh :

- If it doesn’t rain, I will go shopping.

Real Condition : It will probably rain or not,
so I will probably go shopping or not.


Conditional 2

2. If + S + Past Tense, S + Past Future

Contoh :

-If you came home earlier, I would make you a cake

Real Condition : You don’t come home earlier,
So I don’t make a cake for you.

Conditional 3

3. If + s + Past Perfect, S + Future Past Perfect

Contoh :

- If you had studied hard, you would have passed the exam.

Real condition : you didn’t study hard, so you didn’t pass the exam


contoh - contoh conditional sentences :


If you heat water to 100 degrees celsius, it boils.
If you don't eat for a long time, you become hungry.
If the sea is stormy, the waves are high.
If she had taken that flight yesterday, she would have arrived at 10pm.
If she had taken that flight yesterday, she would be with us now.
If she took that flight yesterday, she is somewhere in town today.
If she took that flight yesterday, we will see her tomorrow.
If it's raining here now, then it was raining on the West Coast this morning.
If it's raining now, then your laundry is getting wet.
If it's raining now, there will be mushrooms to be picked next week.

- SUMBER : Google, buku GET SUCCES UN + SPMB B.INGGRIS-, 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conditional_sentence

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